Common Myna Bird (Acridotheres tristis)

Common Name: Common Myna

Scientific Name: Acridotheres tristis
SizeDietRange in HawaiiStatus in Hawaii
12 in. - 13 in.seeds, grains, fruits, insects and small invertebratesAll Islandsleast concern

The Common Myna has been introduced to many other parts of the world, including Hawaii, where it is now found on all of the main islands. In Hawaii, it is a common sight in gardens, parks, and other urban areas, and is known for its loud, persistent calls. The Common Myna is generally found in areas with a moderate to warm climate and is often seen in areas with a mix of open and wooded habitats.

Common Myna

Common myna mount on a rock
Common myna mount on a rock

Appearance

It has a distinctive appearance, with a glossy black head, wings, and tail, and a brown body. The Common Myna has a yellow bill and legs, and a small patch of white feathers on its neck. It has a wingspan of about 30-34 cm (12-13 inches) and weighs around 90-120 grams (3-4 ounces).

The Common Myna has a strong, robust body and a large head with a prominent, curved bill. Its wings are short and rounded, and its tail is long and squared-off at the end.

Diet

The Common Myna is a omnivorous bird that feeds on a wide variety of food items. In the wild, it feeds on a variety of seeds, grains, fruits, and insects, and will also feed on small invertebrates, such as snails and worms. It is known to forage on the ground as well as in trees and bushes, and it will also scavenge for food in urban areas.

The Common Myna is a highly adaptable and opportunistic feeder, and it is able to exploit a wide range of food sources. In urban areas, it is known to feed on a variety of human-provided food items, including bread, grains, and fruits, as well as food scraps and garbage. It is also known to feed on livestock feed and agricultural crops, which can cause conflicts with farmers and other land managers.

In addition to foraging for food, the Common Myna is also known to steal food from other birds, and it is often seen harassing smaller birds in order to steal their food. It is a highly aggressive and dominant bird, and it is able to outcompete many other species for food and resources.

Behavior

The Common Myna is a highly social and active bird that is known for its loud, harsh calls and its ability to mimic the sounds of other birds and animals. It is a highly adaptable and aggressive species, and it is able to exploit a wide range of food sources and habitats. It is also known to prey on the eggs and chicks of native bird species, which can have a negative impact on their populations.

Nesting

Common myna on tree branch
Common myna on tree branch

The Common Myna builds a simple nest made of twigs and leaves, which is usually located in a tree or on a ledge. The female lays a clutch of 3-7 eggs, which are incubated by both parents.

Habitat

Common Myna is found in a variety of habitats, including forests, woodlands, grasslands, and agricultural areas.

Range

It is not native to Hawaii, but it has been introduced to the islands and is now found on all of the main islands. In its native range, the Common Myna is found in a variety of habitats, including forests, woodlands, grasslands, and agricultural areas.

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Conservation Status

The Common Myna is considered to be a nuisance species in many parts of its introduced range, including Hawaii. However, it is not currently listed as endangered or threatened by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

Interesting Facts

1. They are highly intelligent

Common Mynas are highly intelligent and adaptable birds, and are known for their vocal abilities. They are able to mimic a wide range of sounds, including human speech.

2. They are omnivorous

Common Mynas are omnivorous, feeding on a variety of insects, fruit, and seeds. They have also been known to scavenge for food in urban areas.

3. They are aggressive

Common Mynas are known for their aggressive behavior, and have been known to drive native bird species out of their territory. As a result, they have become an invasive species in many parts of the world, including Australia and the United States.

4. They have a complex social structure

Common Mynas have a complex social structure and are known for their strong pair bonds. They are known to mate for life and often raise their young together.

5. They are popular as pets

Common Mynas are popular as pets in some parts of the world, particularly in Asia. However, they are illegal to own as pets in some states in the United States.

Frequently Asked Questions:

What do Common Mynas eat?

Common Mynas are omnivorous, meaning they feed on a variety of foods including insects, fruit, and seeds. They have also been known to scavenge for food in urban areas.

Can Common Mynas mimic human speech?

Yes, Common Mynas are known for their vocal abilities and are able to mimic a wide range of sounds, including human speech.

Are Common Mynas illegal to own as pets in the United States?

In some states in the United States, it is illegal to own Common Mynas as pets. This is because they are considered an invasive species and can be harmful to native bird populations.